Why do some groups escalate in response to lethal repression and others do not? Previous studies find conflicting results; few examine repression and dissident behavior at the sub-national level. The treatment of repression has been inconsistent – some scholars use it as a dependent variable, others an independent variable, most examine repression only at the state level. Few assess the duration or sequencing of repression due to limited data. Protest has been largely dichotomized as nonviolent or violent, though both tactics may occur simultaneously during a movement. In this study, I break down repression by lethality, location, and consistency to evaluate how these different characteristics affect dissident behavior. Consistent with previous studies, I group protests into violent and non-violent events using daily-level data from the Social Conflict Analysis Database (SCAD), but treat them as concurrent processes. Due to data constraints, the results are considered a preliminary first step. Special thanks to Drs. Joseph Wright, Gretchen Casper, and Christopher Fariss.
Data and STATA .do file available upon request.
Using a negative binomial regression model, this study interprets the negative relationship between single party and personalist regimes with non-violent and violent dissent. It also proposes an explanation for the absence of a link between military regimes and dissent. Special thanks to the National Science Foundation, Eric Keels, and Drs. James Meernik and John Ishiyama at the University of North Texas.
Transition to Democracy in the Middle East
A qualitative study examining the role of the military during democratic transition in Egypt and Tunisia. Historically, the Egyptian military has been economically co-opted by Hosni Mubarak in an effort to dissuade it from entering the political arena. Ben Ali of Tunisia kept the military underfunded to decrease the probability of military intervention. The results suggest Egypt will have a more tumultuous transition as the military will seek to protect its corporate interests. Special thanks to the McNair Scholars Program and Dr. Rodrigo Nunes at St. Edward’s University.